Those who receive an average score (TDN 4) will be admitted to training without restrictions.
The number of places on the courses is limited. There are also extracurricular courses that prepare for study. These courses are fee-based. German language for foreign applicants to obtain admission to higher education). Applicants are exempt from passing the above exams if they have: German language diploma II level (DSD II); certificates of the Goethe-Institut (ZOP, das Kleine / das Große Deutsche Sprachdiplom); certificate of one of the recognized German schools abroad.
Exam "German as a foreign language" (TestDaF). The TestDaF exam can be taken at licensed centers both in Germany and in 80 countries around the world. In Ukraine, the centers exist in Kiev, Odessa and Poltava. The exam is assessed on a three-point scale (TDN 3, 4 and 5). Those who receive an average score (TDN 4) will be admitted to training without restrictions. Passing the exam in Ukraine costs 130 euros, the exam is held 5 times a year. Exam in German for foreign applicants to obtain admission to higher education (DSH). As a rule, DSH can be passed only in Germany. The opportunity to take this exam is offered by many universities, as a rule, it is held 3-4 weeks before the beginning of the semester. The results of the exam are evaluated on a three-point system: DSH-1, DSH-2 and DSH-3. Anyone who wants to get an admission must pass this exam at least on DSH-2. In some universities, this exam can be passed for free, but it can cost up to 150 euros. The date of the exam is determined by each university. Most universities offer preparatory courses for DSH. These courses are usually paid, in different universities the price may vary. It is often necessary to have a certain level of language proficiency to participate in the course.
Education.ua May 16, 2010
In Germany, there is a special system of distribution of educational places. Some specialties take everyone, and the set of others is limited
Admission to a German university: how to get a place to study
What are the rules for foreign candidates? German students often complain about the chaos in the distribution of places in the university. The procedure for processing applications and enrolling students depends on the specialty for which the candidate has applied.
In some faculties it is enough to provide a high school diploma, in others – the documents must be sent to the Central Bureau for the distribution of educational places, and in creative specialties you must pass an entrance exam. However, every chaos has its order. There are special rules for the distribution of study places for foreign students.
Uni-assist – "bandmaster" of documents
The first question you need to clarify before applying for admission to a German university is whether the university of your choice is a member of the uni-assist association. If not, all required documents should be sent directly to the University’s International Relations Department (Akademisches Auslandsamt).
If it turns out that the university where you want to study is part of a uni-assist association, the application process is carried out through this organization, located in Berlin. Currently, 114 higher education institutions in Germany, including most major universities, are members of the uni-assist service. Unsurprisingly, this service takes the "main blow" in terms of bureaucracy: it conducts a formal check of applicants’ documents, calculates the average score of the certificate, according to the German evaluation system, and compiles a list of applicants for individual specialties for each university.
The last word is for the help paper university commission
Thus, the International Relations Departments of those universities that are members of uni-assist receive already sorted documents. However, the final choice of future students is up to a special university commission. Not only evaluations are important.
"The grade point average of the certificate, of course, plays a big role. But when considering documents, we take into account other factors – such as awards. If someone has won the Olympics, it must be specified" – advises the head of the International Relations Department of the University of Cologne Stefan Bildhauer (Stefan Bildhauer). In addition, according to the expert, the commission is very carefully studying the cover letter to find out how consciously the student approaches the choice of specialty and why it is important for him to study in a particular university.
When submitting documents, it is important to know whether your chosen specialty falls under the category of Numerus Clausus (NC). Translated from Latin, this phrase means "limited set". There is always a competition for a specialty marked Numerus Clausus, because the number of people wishing to enter them exceeds – and sometimes significantly – the number of vacancies. Of the 11,000 specialties that can be studied in Germany, about half belong to the category of Numerus Clausus.
Little tricks of foreign students
Sometimes, to get a place at the university, international students embark on tricks. "In principle, we were advised to apply for subjects without Numerus Clausus in order to gain access to the DSH exam in any case. It is a language exam for foreigners that allows foreign students to study at a German university. We can say that everyone was so cunning, "said the student. from Belarus Victoria.
First, she applied for the specialties of the University of Bonn, for which everyone is allowed to study. And then, already a student, she transferred to a specialty with a limited set of "Media Theory", which she wanted to study from the beginning. The student considers small tricks to be quite a justified step on the way to the goal.
"The advantage of this trick is that if you apply for a specialty without Numerus Clausus and pass the DSH language exam, then an important part of the way to the place of study has already been passed," Vika said. "And if you apply for a subject with Numerus Clausus restriction, and you are denied, you have to wait another year or six months to pass the DSH. And then it is still unknown whether you will get the place you want."
Quota for foreigners
In the specialties of Numerus Clausus, a certain number of places is always provided for foreigners. As a rule, this is 8-10 percent of the total number of vacancies. Moreover, only students who are not citizens of the European Union are considered "foreigners".
"When accepting students majoring in Numerus Clausus, we try to admit candidates from as many countries as possible," explains Stefan Bildhauer. "There is no written rule in this regard. Of course, we take into account the qualifications of the applicant, but still if one country is very many candidates, the probability of rejection is higher."
The head of the Department of International Relations advises future students to thoroughly approach the choice of specialty. To do this, he recommends taking an online test, the so-called Self-Assessment Test, to determine your own predisposition to certain specialties. Such tests are offered by many universities, including the universities of Aachen, Bochum and Bremen.
Author: O. Sosnitskaya
German world 05/05/2010
An important difference from Ukraine is that training can begin in both the summer and winter semesters. Master’s courses can begin at other times
Terms, stages and special forms of training in Germany
The academic year in Germany consists of two semesters. The summer semester lasts from April 1 to September 30, winter – from October 1 to March 31. The training stages include initial (Grundstudium) and basic (Hauptstudium) courses. During the initial course, students master the skills and methods of scientific work, gain basic knowledge of the subject. After two courses (4 semesters) of the initial course in most universities is an "intermediate" or "undergraduate" exam (Zwischenprufung, Vordiplom). This is followed by a basic course of study in Germany, during which students master in-depth specific knowledge in selected subjects in 2-3 years. This phase of study ends with an exam. The minimum period of study is 8 semesters (4 years), as a rule, in classical universities few people fit due to the large amount of material and high academic requirements for research potential of students. While in universities of applied sciences (FH)) thanks to a more concentrated curriculum and a different philosophy of study, 4 years is the standard for obtaining a diploma. The FH diploma is equivalent to a university degree, and contains only the corresponding mark (Diplom / FH). Internship is a compulsory part of the training here. Special forms of training Partial (Teilzeitstudium) / correspondence (Fernstudium): by correspondence in Germany you can and in parallel to your basic education (Zweithoerer) – if, of course, for this purpose there is enough forces and time. Prerequisites for the admission to correspondence and partial training, as a rule, do not differ from classical full-time form, except for options, not Short-term internships (Kurzzeitstudium) for 1-2 semesters without a certificate of education are also possible only with admission to a German university (Hochschulzugang), although the requirements for the German language here may be lower. Short courses, summer schoolsDuring the summer holidays from July to September (and in ogda and winter, from late February to mid-April) many German universities arrange short-term courses, which are taught in German or English.